The U.S. Navy conducts training in many areas around the world. U.S. Fleet Forces Command, in coordination with other Navy commands, prepares studies for the training it conducts.
The studies, called environmental ipact statement/overseas environmental impact statement (EIS/OEIS) are analysis of potential environmental impacts from military readiness activities. These include activities using ships, submarines, aircraft and weapons systems. Also included in the analysis is the Navy’s use of sonar and explosives.
These studies are important because it allows the Navy to identify and consider the potential environmental effects its readiness activities may have on environmental resources in advance. Activities with potential to significantly impact environmental resources have to be evaluated for any protective measures that could be implemented to help minimize effects on those resources, including marine mammals, sea turtles, fishes, birds, and coral.
The analysis in studies are also used to request authorizations and permits, and to conduct consultations that are required under the Endangered Species Act and the Marine Mammal Protection Act, as well as other federal laws.