General David Monroe Shoup served as the twenty-second Commandant of the Marine Corps from January 1, 1960 until his retirement from active service, December 31, 1963. The General was born December 30, 1904, at Battle Ground, Indiana. A 1926 graduate of DePauw University, Greencastle, Indiana, he was a member of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps at the University. He served for a month as a Second Lieutenant in the Army Infantry Reserve before he was commissioned a Marine Second Lieutenant on July 20, 1926.
After serving in China during most of 1927, he completed Basic School in 1928. He then served at Quantico, Virginia; Pensacola, Florida; and San Diego, California. From June 1929 to September 1931, Lieutenant Shoup was assigned to the Marine detachment aboard the USS Maryland. By coincidence, the USS Maryland was the flagship for the assault on Tarawa 12 years later -- providing emergency Naval gunfire support with her 16-inch guns early on D-Day. On his return from sea duty, he served as a company officer at the Marine Corps Base (later Marine Corps Recruit Depot), San Diego, until May 1932 when he was ordered to the Puget Sound Navy Yard, Bremerton, Washington. He was promoted to First Lieutenant in June 1932. Lieutenant Shoup served on temporary duty with the Civilian Conservation Corps in Idaho and New Jersey form June 1933 to May 1934. Following duty in Seattle, Washington, he was again ordered to China in November 1934, serving briefly with the Fourth Marines in Shanghai, and, subsequently, at the American Legation in Peiping. He returned to the United States, via Japan, early in June 1936 and was again stationed at the Puget Sound Navy Yard. He was promoted to Captain in October 1936. Captain Shoup entered the Junior Course, Marine Corps Schools, Quantico, in July 1937. Upon completing the course in May 1938, he served as an instructor for two years. In June 1940, he joined the Sixth Marines in San Diego. He was promoted to Major in April 1941. One month later, Major Shoup was ordered to Iceland with the Sixth Marines and, after serving as Regimental Operations Officer, became Operations Officer of the 1st Marine Brigade in Iceland in October 1941. For his service in Iceland during the first three months after the United States entered World War II, he was awarded the Letter of Commendation with Commendation Ribbon.
He assumed command of the 2nd Battalion, Sixth Marines, in February 1942. Upon returning to the United States in March, the 1st Marine Brigade was disbanded and Major Shoup returned with this battalion to San Diego. In July 1942, he became Assistant Operations and Training Officer of the 2d Marine Division. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in August 1942. As a Colonel, Shoup earned the nation's highest award, the Medal of Honor, while commanding the Second Marines, 2d Marine Division, at Betio, a bitterly contested island of Tarawa Atoll. The British Distinguished Service Order was also awarded to him for this action.
The following citation accompanied his award of the Medal of Honor:
"For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his own life above and beyond the call of duty as commanding officer of all Marine Corps troops in action against enemy Japanese forces on Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands, from November 20 to 22, 1943." Although severely shocked by an exploding shell soon after landing at the pier, and suffering from a serious painful leg wound which had become infected, Colonel Shoup fearlessly exposed himself to the terrific relentless artillery, and rallying his hesitant troops by his own inspiring heroism, gallantly led them across the fringing reefs to charge the heavily fortified island and reinforced our hard-pressed thinly-held lines. Upon arrival at the shore, he assumed command of all landed troops and, working without rest under constant withering enemy fire during the next two days conducted smashing attacks against unbelievably strong and fanatically defended Japanese positions despite innumerable obstacles and heavy casualties. Colonel Shoup's battle report from Tarawa stated simply: "Casualties many; Percentage of dead not known; Combat efficiency; we are winning." (Colonel David M. Shoup, USMC, Tarawa, 21 November 1943.) By his brilliant leadership, daring tactics, and selfless devotion to duty, Colonel Shoup was largely responsible for the final, decisive defeat of the enemy and his indomitable fighting spirit reflects great credit upon the United States Naval Service."
General Shoup was the 25th Marine to receive the Medal of Honor in World War II. The late James V. Forrestal, then Secretary of the Navy, presented it to him on January 22, 1945.
Sailing from San Diego aboard the USS Matsonia in September 1942, Lieutenant Colonel Shoup arrived later that month at Wellington, New Zealand. From then until November 1943, he served as G-3, Operations and Training Officer of the 2d Marine Division during its training period in New Zealand. His service in this capacity during the planning of the assault on Tarawa earned him his first Legion of Merit with Combat "V". During this period he briefly served as an observer with the 1st Marine Division on Guadalcanal in October 1942 and with the 43d Army Division on Rendova, New Georgia, in the summer of 1943, earning a Purple Heart in the latter operation. Promoted to Colonel November 9, 1943, Colonel Shoup was placed in command of the Second Marines (Reinforced), the spearhead of the assault on Tarawa. During this action he earned the Medal of Honor as well as a second Purple Heart. In December 1943, he became Chief of Staff of the 2d Marine Division. For outstanding service in this capacity from June to August 1944, during the battles for Saipan and Tinian, he was again awarded the Legion of Merit with Combat "V". He returned to the United States in October 1944.
Upon his return to the United States, Colonel Shoup served as Logistics Officer, Division of Plans and Policies, Headquarters Marine Corps. He was again ordered overseas in June 1947. Two months later he became Commanding Officer, Service Command, Fleet Marine Force, Pacific. In June 1949, he joined the 1st Marine Division at Camp Pendleton as Division Chief of Staff. A year later, Colonel Shoup was transferred to Quantico where he served as Commanding Officer of the Basic School from July 1950 until April 1952. He was then assigned to the Office of the Fiscal Director, Headquarters Marine Corps, and served as Assistant Fiscal Director. He was promoted Brigadier General in April 1953. In July 1953, General Shoup was named Fiscal Director of the Marine Corps. While serving in this capacity, he was promoted to Major General in September 1955. Subsequently, in May 1956, he began a brief assignment as Inspector General for Recruit Training. Following this assignment, he served as Inspector General of the Marine Corps from September 1956 until May 1957. He returned to Camp Pendleton in June 1957 to become Commanding General of the 1st Marine Division. General Shoup joined the 3rd Marine Division on Okinawa in March 1958 as Commanding General. Following his return to the United States, he served as Commanding General of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, from May to October 1959. On November 2, 1959, he was promoted to Lieutenant General and assigned duties as Chief of Staff, Headquarters Marine Corps.
General Shoup was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on August 12, 1959 to be the 22d Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Senate confirmed his nomination for a four-year term. Upon assuming his post as Commandant of the Marine Corps on January 1, 1960, he was promoted to four-star rank.
On January 21, 1964, shortly after his retirement, General Shoup was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal by President Lyndon B. Johnson for exceptionally meritorious service as Commandant of the Marine Corps. The complete list of the General's medals and decorations includes: the Medal of Honor, the Distinguished Service Medal, the Legion of Merit with Combat "V" and Gold Star in lieu of a second award, the Letter of Commendation with Commendation Ribbon, the Purple Heart with Gold Star in lieu of a second award, the Presidential Unit Citation, the Yangtze Service Medal, the Expeditionary Medal, the American Defense Service Medal with Base clasp, the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with four bronze stars, the American Campaign Medal, the World War II Victory Medal, the National Defense Service Medal, and the British Distinguished Service Order. General David Monroe Shoup died 13 January 1983, and was buried in Section 7-A of Arlington National Cemetery.
Current USS Shoup
USS Shoup (DDG 86) is the 36th ship in the Arleigh Burke class of Aegis guided missile destroyers, and the eighth Flight IIA Aegis destroyer. She is the sixteenth Aegis destroyer constructed by Northrop Grumman Ship Systems' Ingalls Operations. Her keel was laid on 13 December 1999 in Pascagoula, MS. She was launched on 22 November 2000, and delivered to the Navy on 19 February 2002. She was commissioned at Port Terminal 37 in Seattle, WA on 22 June 2002.
In March 2005 USS Shoup returned to Everett, WA after a maiden six-month deployment. In the deployment Shoup provided humanitarian assistance to areas affected by the devastation left by the Dec. 26 tsunami.
In February 2006 USS Shoup departed Naval Station Everett with the USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) Carrier Strike Group for a scheduled deployment in support of Maritime Security Operations (MSO) and Global War on Terrorism (GWOT). In April Shoup participated in annual combined and joint exercise Foal Eagle. In June DDG 86 participated in Exercise Valiant Shield '06 off the coast of Guam. In July USS Shoup participated in exercise Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) 2006. In August USS Shoup returned to homeport after five-and-a-half month deployment in the western Pacific. In September the Shoup conducted a Search and Rescue Exercise (SAREX), off the coast of southern California, with the Chinese destroyer Qingdao (DDG 113).
In January 2007 USS Shoup started a three-month Selected Restricted Availability (SRA) period at Naval Station Everett. In October USS Shoup participated in the 27th annual San Francisco Fleet Week celebration. In November DDG 86 participated in a Composite Training Unit Exercise (COMPTUEX) with the USS Abraham Lincoln CSG 9.
In January 2008 the guided-missile destroyer participated in a Joint Task Force Exercise (JTFEX) in the SOCAL Op. Area. In March 2008 USS Shoup departed Naval Station Everett for a scheduled deployment. In May USS Shoup responded to a 15-meter dhow "Dunia" in distress in the Gulf of Aden and towed it to a port where could be repaired. At the time the Shoup was conducting Maritime Security Operations (MSO) between the Gulf of Aden and the Gulf of Oman in the Arabian Sea. In October USS Shoup returned to homeport after a seven-month deployment with the USS Abraham Lincoln Carrier Strike Group.
In June 2009 USS Shoup arrived pierside in Portland to celebrate the 102nd Rose Festival. Later in June the Shoup participated in joint air and space exercise Amalgam Dart, off the coast of Oregon, as part of North American Aerospace Defense Command's (NORAD) and U.S. Northern Command's (USNORTHCOM) Ardent Sentry '09 exercise series. In July the guided-missile destroyer pulled into Elliot Bay for the 60th Seattle Seafair celebration.
In March 2010 USS Shoup completed an intense period of combat system maintenance and repair at the Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) in Port Hueneme, Calif. In August DDG 86 participated in a Composite Training Unit Exercise (COMPTUEX), as part of the Lincoln Carrier Strike Group, in preparation for the upcoming fall deployment. In September USS Shoup departed Everett for a scheduled Middle East deployment. In March 2011 USS Shoup returned to homeport after a nearly seven-month deployment in the U.S. 5th and 7th Fleet Areas of Responsibility.
In August 2012 DDG 86 conducted its first ever Tomahawk Land Attack Missile (TLAM) Operational Test Launches (OTL), from the Pacific Missile Range off the coast of Port Hueneme, Calif. In October the guided-missile destroyer participated in a Composite Training Unit Exercise (COMPTUEX) with the USS Nimitz (CVN 68) CSG.
In January 2013 USS Shoup departed homeport for a scheduled deployment. From Jan. 20-23, the Shoup participated in an Undersea Warfare Exercise (USWEX) 13-1.