In March 1862, Major General Henry W. Halleck was put in command of all Federal forces in the Mississippi Valley, and he initiated a slow advance which he sent his two armies along the Tennessee River. By early April Ulysses S. Grant had some 37,000 men near Shiloh Church and Pittsburg Landing, close to the Tennessee-Mississippi border, and off to the east Don Carlos Buell's 25,000 were on their way from Nashville to join him. Meanwhile, Albert Sidney Johnston was desperately assembling all the Confederate troops he could find. He had more than Grant, but he would have to strike before Buell arrived.
The Union position was a reasonably strong one, but Grant and his division commanders felt it would be bad for morale to have the men entrench. General C.F. Smith told Grant, "By God, I want nothing better than to have the Rebels ... attack us! We can whip them to hell. Our men suppose we have come here to fight, and if we begin to spade, it will make them think we fear the enemy." In the Federal camps a peach orchard was in glorious bloom, and war and killing seemed remote.
But just 25 miles to the south Johnston was pushing his raw levies onto the roads. Like most of Grant's men, these Confederates were as green as grass. They ambled along, whooping and shouting, firing their guns just to see if they would work, driving their officers into a frenzy. P.G.T. Beauregard, second in command, urged that the attack be called off, but Johnston was adamant: "I would fight them if they were a million." He ordered an assault for dawn on Sunday, April 6.
Grant was caught off guard, and in the first day's fight his army was almost pushed into the Tennessee River. It rallied just in time, Johnston was killed in action, and at dark Buell's troops began to arrive and one of Grant's divisions which had been delayed in reaching the field got to the scene. On the second day the Federals reversed the tide, and by mid afternoon Beauregard had to admit defeat. He drew his badly battered army back toward Corinth, and the Federals, equally battered, made no more than a gesture at pursuit. The greatest battle ever fought on the American continent, up to date, was over. The Federals had lost 13,000 men, the Confederates, 10,000. The troops had fought with impressive valor, but they had been poorly handled, especially on the Union side.
Current USS Shiloh
The USS Shiloh (CG 67), a Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruiser of the United States Navy, was laid down on 1 August 1987 at Bath Iron Works in Bath, Maine, christened and launched on 8 September 1990 and commissioned 18 July 1992 with Capt. Bayard W. Russell as the commanding officer.
In April 1994 USS Shiloh departed her San Diego home port for her maiden six-month deployment.
In May 1996 USS Shiloh departed homeport for a scheduled six-month deployment as part of the USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) Battle Group. In September USS Shiloh launched 14 Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles (TLAMs) on air defense targets south of the 33rd parallel in Iraq, in support of Operation Desert Strike.
In July 1998 USS Shiloh entered the Arabian Gulf, with the USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) Battle Group, where it remained until late October.
In September 1999 The Shiloh launched an SM-3 missile in the waters off the Hawaiian Islands, at the Pacific Missile Range Facility (PMRF), as part of the AEGIS Leap Intercept (ALI) project.
In June 2000 the Shiloh participated in exercise Pacific Blitz. In August USS Shiloh departed Naval Station San Diego for a scheduled six-month western Pacific and Arabian Gulf deployment as part of the USS Abraham Lincoln BG.
In July 2002 USS Shiloh departed San Diego for a scheduled deployment, as part of the Abe Lincoln Battle Group, in support of Operation Enduring Freedom.
In April 2003 USS Shiloh returned to homeport after an unusually long nine-month combat deployment in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom. In October USS Shiloh participated in the San Francisco Fleet Week celebration.
In August 2004 CG 67 participated in the Seafear festivities in Seattle, Wash. In October USS Shiloh departed home port San Diego for a scheduled deployment with the USS Abraham Lincoln CSG in support of the Global War on Terrorism.
In January 2005 the guided-missile cruiser was underway in the Andaman Sea, off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, and participated in Operation Unified Assistance, providing humanitarian assistance to those who suffered from the 26 December 2004 tsunami off the coast of Aceh, Indonesia. In March USS Shiloh returned to homeport after a nearly six-month underway period in the U.S. 7th Fleet AoR.
In June 2006 the Shiloh launched an SM-3 missile during a joint Missile Defense Agency, U.S. Navy ballistic missile flight test. The test was the 7th intercept, in eight program flight tests, by the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense. In August USS Shiloh arrived in Yokosuka, Japan, as part of a permanent homeport change to its new homeport in San Diego, Calif. In November the guided-missile cruiser participated in Annual Exercise (ANNUALEX). In November CG 67 completed ANNUALEX 19G exercise, in the Philippine Sea, as part of the USS Kitty Hawk (CV 63) CSG.
In January 2008 The Shiloh was underway for local operations. In October USS Shiloh was underway for a Fall Patrol as part of the USS Goerge Washington (CVN 73) CSG and participated in a Search and Rescue Exercise (SAREX) 2008.
In January 2009 CG 67 is currently in dry-dock at Yokosuka Naval Shipyard for a Selected Restricted Availability (SRA). In March USS Shiloh participated in a semi-annual Multi-Sail exercise. In October the Shiloh was underway in western Korean waters participating in a joint drill with the Korean Navy, as part of the Washington Carrier Strike Group.
In February 2010 the guided-missile cruiser participated in annual exercise Cobra Gold. In March USS Shiloh helping with search and rescue efforts when a South Korean corvette ROKS Chonan (PCC-772) sank. In October the guided-missile cruiser departed Fleet Activities Yokosuka for a Fall Patrol. In December USS Shiloh participated in a joint-bilateral exercise Keen Sword 2011.
In April 2011 the Shiloh returned to Fleet Activities Yokosuka after concluding its support of Operation Tomodachi. In November the guided-missile cruiser departed dry-dock at U.S. Naval Ship Repair Facility and Japan Regional Maintenance Center after a five-month Selected Restricted Availability (SRA).
In March 2012 USS Shiloh returned to homeport after a six-day sea trial. In April CG 67 returned to Yokosuka after a nine-day underway period. In May USS Shiloh departed Commander, Fleet Activities Yokosuka (CFAY) for a routine western Pacific patrol. In December the guided-missile cruiser departed CFAY for intelligence gathering operations.
On 28 January 2013 USS Shiloh was underway for sea trials. In February participated in Aegis interoperability training for joint and combined ROK and U.S. forces.
1st USS Shiloh
The first USS Shiloh, a Casco-class light draft monitor, was awarded on 24 June 1863 to George C. Bestor of Peoria, Ill. and laid down later that year at the yard of Charles W. McCordat St. Louis, Mo. However, while Shiloh was still under construction, Chimo, the first of the Casco-class monitors to be launched, was found to be unseaworthy.
On 25 June 1864, the Navy ordered Shiloh's builder to raise her deck 22 inches to give her sufficient freeboard. On 17 June 1865, after the end of the Civil War had prompted an American naval retrenchment, work on Shiloh was ordered suspended. Nevertheless, it was decided to proceed with her launching.
Shiloh saw no service before being laid up in 1866 at Mound City, Ill. On 15 June 1869, she was renamed Iris. She was again laid up at New Orleans on 15 October 1874 and sold later that year.
For a more detailed account of the first USS Shiloh see http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/s12/shiloh.htm.