The Official Magazine of the U.S. Submarine Force
Vice Adm. Michael J. Connor
Cmdr. Monica Rousselow
Lt. Jeffrey Gammon
The opinions and assertions herein are the personal views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense, or the Department of the Navy.
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UNDERSEA WARFARE (ISSN 1554-0146) is published quarterly from appropriated funds by authority of the
Chief of Naval Operations in accordance with NPPR P-35. The Secretary of the Navy has determined that this publication is necessary in the transaction of business required by law of the Department of the Navy. Use of funds for printing this publication has been approved by the Navy Publications and Printing Policy Committee. Reproductions are encouraged with proper attribution. Controlled circulation.