The four U.S. naval shipyards, located in Norfolk, Va.; Kittery, Maine; Bremerton, Wash.; and Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, perform depot- and intermediate-level maintenance, modernization, emergency repair work, and inactivation for the U.S. Navy’s nuclear-powered aircraft carriers and submarines. Unlike the multiple private shipyards located around the country, the four naval shipyards are owned and operated by the Navy, with government employees conducting the majority of the work.
With a $4 billion annual operating budget, the shipyards provide critical services such as reactor plant servicing; nuclear-powered ship propulsion plant work; reactor compartment disposal and ship recycling; damage repair and intermediate-level work; ship maintenance engineering, planning, and project management of complex availabilities; and ship maintenance training for sailors and civilians. Work is performed primarily onsite at the four geographically dispersed naval shipyards, but also is performed on deployed ships as well as major fleet concentration areas such as Guam; Bahrain; Yokosuka, Japan; San Diego, Calif.; Kings Bay, Ga.; New London, Conn.; and Jacksonville, Fla.
Though once known for ship construction, the past few decades have seen the Navy move its shipbuilding operations to private yards, allowing the naval shipyards to focus strictly on ship repair.
Norfolk Naval Shipyard>