- On the Cover
The Submarine Force Bids Farewell to NSA La Maddalena Board Basics from the Bureau of Personnel SSGN—Global Presence with Global Support The SSGN Success Story: Concept to Capability in 39 Months SSGN: From the Commanding Officers’ Perspectives The Challenges and Successes for the Crew of the new SSGN From USS Barb to the Ohio-class — The Use of Missiles on Submarines Regulus on Surface Ships
SSGN -- Global Presence with Global Support
by Lt. Cmdr. Bill Lear
The successes of the SSGN conversion program have been well chronicled since the 2002 decision to convert the first four Ohio-class submarines from ballistic missile submarines (SSBN) to guided missile submarines (SSGN). Many factions of the government-contractor team have been lauded for their contributions to the overall achievements of the program. However, one group most have likely not heard about, even though they have made significant contributions to the program for over three years, is the Naval Reserve.
The new SSGN platform and its weapon system have been actively supported by the Naval Reserve Forces since October 2004. At that time, three new SSGN reserve detachments were established to provide support to Commander, Submarine Force (CSF), Commander, Submarine Group NINE (CSG-9) and Commander, Submarine Group TEN (CSG-10).
“The Undersea Enterprise reserve component has successfully integrated their critical skills into all parts of the SSGN program,” said Rear Adm. Timothy Giardina, Commander, Submarine Group TRIDENT. “Their assistance in SSGN exercises, operations, planning and maintenance support have positively contributed to the highly successful SSGN program.”
Ten members of the SSGN reserve detachments provided two weeks of support to the Joint Command and Control for War on Terror Activities Joint Test and Evaluation (JC2WTA JT&E) team during exercise Tailsman Saber in Australia this past June. Their job was to evaluate the SSGN as a potential platform for the new mission of distributed command and control from a small forward clandestine command post. The exercise was used as a field test for the Tactics, Techniques and Procedures (TTPs) being developed to provide the joint war fighter the tools necessary to execute this mission.
Submarines, especially the SSGN outfitted with the Common Submarine Radio Room and the latest multifunction and high data-rate antennas, make an ideal platform for this new and critical mission. They offer inherent stealth, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities, and longer station keeping time than other navy platforms. Each SSGN can deploy with up to 154 TOMAHAWK cruise missiles and are capable of sustaining 66 Special Operations Force (SOF) personnel and associated equipment to perform a wide variety of missions.
Ohio was delivered back to the operational fleet in December 2005, followed by the USS Florida (SSGN-728) in April 2006, USS Michigan (SSGN-727) in November 2006, and finally USS Georgia (SSGN-729) in December 2007. The SSGN’s deployment cycle leverages the two crew concept and will consist of four separate ten-week operational periods, each one complimented by an overseas voyage repair period and crew exchange. This cycle results in 12 months of forward presence outside of the continental United States followed by a major maintenance period in Kings Bay, Ga. or Bremerton, Wash. The final result will be 2.4 years of annual forward deployed presence by SSGNs.
The following individual reservists on Active Duty Special Work (ADSW) have provided tremendous support to the SSGN project:
The mission of the SSGN Office is to oversee the transition of the SSGN program from a conversion effort to an operational system, serve as the focal point for socialization and feedback on all SSGN issues, and coordinate the follow-on readiness, maintenance, and experimentation for the SSGN program.
The guided missile submarine will be a dynamic, yet covert, asset in the global war on terrorism and requires a highly trained and skilled support network. Reservists have and will continue to provide valuable service to the nation and Navy.
Cmdr. Lear is the SSGN Operations Officer for COCOMSUBGRU-9.