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The Official Magazine of the U.S. Submarine Force
Undersea Warfare
U.S. Submarines…Because Stealth Matters

Vice Adm. Charles L. Munns
Commander, Naval Submarine Forces
Commander, Submarine Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet

Rear Adm. Jeffery Cassias
Deputy Commander, Naval Submarine Forces
Commander, Submarine Force, U.S. Pacific Fleet

Rear Adm. Joe Walsh
Director, Submarine Warfare

Master Chief Petty Officer Dean Irwin
COMNAVSUBFOR Force Master Chief

Master Chief Petty Officer Michael Benko
COMSUBPAC Force Master Chief

CAPT D.J. Kern
Commander, Undersea Surveillance

Lt. Cmdr. Jensin Sommer
COMNAVSUBFOR Public Affairs Officer

Lt. Cmdr. Jeff Davis
COMSUBPAC Public Affairs Officer

Lt. Cmdr. Scott Young (D)
Lt. Cmdr. Wayne Grasdock (R)

Military Editor

Jen Zeldis
Senior Editor

Mike Smith
Managing Editor

BlueWater Agency
Layout & Design

Lakisha Ferebee
Website Design


UNDERSEA WARFARE is the professional magazine of the undersea warfare community. Its purpose is to educate its readers on undersea warfare missions and programs, with a particular focus on U.S. submarines. This journal will also draw upon the Submarine Force’s rich historical legacy to instill a sense of pride and professionalism among community members and to enhance reader awareness of the increasing relevance of undersea warfare for our nation’s defense.

The opinions and assertions herein are the personal ones of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the U.S. Government, the Department of Defense, or the Department of the Navy.

Contributions and Feedback Welcome
Send articles, photographs (min 300 dpi electronic), and feedback to:

Military Editor
Undersea Warfare CNO (N77)
2000 Navy Pentagon
Washington, DC 20350-2000
Phone: 703-614-9372 Fax: 703-695-9247

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P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954
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UNDERSEA WARFARE (ISSN 1554-0146) is published quarterly from appropriated funds by authority of the Chief of Naval Operations in accordance with NPPR P-35. The Secretary of the Navy has determined that this publication is necessary in the transaction of business required by law of the Department of the Navy. Use of funds for printing this publication has been approved by the Navy Publications and Printing Policy Committee. Reproductions are encouraged. Controlled circulation.