of Naval Operations ADM Vern Clark comments on Sea Power 21
at the Naval Submarine Base New London, Connecticut.
by PHC Johnny Bivera
Submarine Force has clearly transitioned from the industrial
age of warfare and entered the information age. Just look around
your ships. You have more information resources, more processing
power, and more decision aids in your BQQ-10 sonar system than
you could have found on an entire submarine just a few years
ago. Accelerating rates of technology insertion, greater information
availability, and shorter decision times characterize the warfighting
environment in the second 100 years of the U.S. Submarine Force.
Our challenge now is to ensure that submarine education and
training keep pace to support the submarine Sea Warriors
who will operate and fight our boats in the 21st century.
The Revolution in Navy Training
Declaring 2002 a “year of revolution”
for Navy training, the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) announced
a whole series of changes in policy, processes, and organization
to create a new learning environment for the information age. This
initiative – an element of Sea Power 21 –
is known as Sea Warrior. Under the leadership of Task Force EXCEL
(Excellence in Education and Learning), the Navy has embarked on
realizing the CNO’s vision of a Navy committed to creating
a process of life-long learning for all personnel. For each Sailor
– officer and enlisted – his or her entire professional
and personnel development will be planned and mapped out in terms
of a five-vector model (5VM) to allow maximum opportunity for personal
development, self-improvement, and success. Performance shortcomings
in the fleet will be dealt with from a human resources approach,
looking for all possible causes for problems and recommending a
correct mix of solutions. Finally, the Sea Warrior himself will
be the central component in a system designed to ensure that human
capabilities are enhanced and optimized.
does the Submarine Force need a Training Revolution?
We are blessed
with a professional education and training system in the Submarine
Force that is the envy of the rest of the Navy. The hallmark of
the Submarine Force has always been exceptionally well-trained and
prepared Sailors. Integral to this success has been the constant
involvement and support of the Director of Naval Nuclear Propulsion,
our Type Commanders, the Director of Strategic Systems Programs,
and the Director of Submarine Warfare. This unequaled support has
resulted in the delivery of world-class trainers and training capabilities
by the NAVSEA Submarine Training Support Program Office (SEA 07L).
Moreover, we have established a culture in the Submarine Force that
values training and education highly and clearly understands the
unacceptable consequences of operating a submarine without the best-trained
Sailors possible. Therefore, our task is not to fix something that
isn’t broken, but instead to create a “revolution within
a revolution.” In other words, our goal is to seize on the
initiatives and human-centric philosophy of Task Force EXCEL and
use them to push our own training and education system into the
Submarine Learning Center will be responsible for coordinating
the efforts of our six submarine training sites, creating and
maintaining our submarine training vision.
To support these
coming changes in the Navy’s training system, the organization
known as the Chief of Naval Education and Training (CNET) has been
replaced by a new entity, the Navy Education and Training Command
(NETC). NETC, headed by VADM Alfred G. Harms, Jr.
as the Navy’s Chief Learning Officer, will create for the
Navy its future training and education vision and an accompanying
strategy. A new Naval Personnel Development Command (NDPC), led
by RADM James K. Moran, has already stood up in Norfolk to ensure
standardization, efficiency, and adequate support for innovation
in Navy training.
day-to-day direction of submarine shore training will be guided
by the Submarine Learning Center, under CAPT Arnie Lotring and CMC
located at SUBASE New London, will be responsible for coordinating
the efforts of our six submarine training sites, creating and maintaining
our submarine training vision, obtaining budget resources for individual
training, creating integrated 5VM career paths for all submariners,
leading efforts to improve performance, and overseeing and administering
the submarine rating-exam process. These efforts will continue to
be guided and supported in close coordination with the Type Commanders
and the Director of Submarine Warfare.
for the 21st Century Sea Warrior
The future undersea
warfighting environment will be marked by accelerating technical
sophistication, growing information density, and increasing complexity
in both operations and assigned missions. In this context, we must
adapt our current sequential training processes – divided
into apprentice, journeyman, and master training increments –
into continuous learning opportunities, both ashore and at sea.
Our shore trainers must match shipboard configurations exactly and
be useful for both the advanced training and certifications required
by the TYCOMs (including integrated battlegroup operations) and
automating the individual and team assessment process.
We must break
down the boundaries between the sea and shore training communities,
which in the past have often resulted in different requirements,
incompatible training products, and wasted effort. Our submarines
must have direct access to the unlimited training resources of our
schools, and time at sea should be spent learning, instead of getting
ready to learn. Our schools must take on new roles and methods of
instruction, including going to sea to teach when required. And
finally, we will look for appropriate opportunities to allow our
Sailors to gain civilian certifications derived from what they are
trained to do onboard our ships.
Will We Implement Sea Warrior?
First of all,
the Submarine Learning Center will be reviewing each of our enlisted
ratings this year to update and verify those knowledges, skills,
and abilities (KSAs) needed for our people to succeed now and in
the future. This job task analysis (JTA) will involve all fleet
areas and personnel. When this JTA is completed, we will re-design
our training paths where required, eliminating and updating curricula
as necessary, and look for new methods of delivery, including civilian
courses and new training technology.
Second, we will
accelerate the recapitalizaton of our training infrastructure by
abandoning those trainers that are of little use anymore and then
researching and investing in state-of-the-art COTS-based training
devices, simulations, and stimulation systems, such as the advanced
Submarine Multi-Mission Team Trainers (SMMTT) and VESUB ship handling
systems already in use. These new trainers will provide more in-depth
learning experiences and allow us to match your ship’s configuration
even as we continue to upgrade and modernize.
Third, the Submarine
Learning Center will be leading the effort for learning-knowledge
management (L-KM) for the Submarine Force. The CNO stresses that
a critical element of the revolution in learning will be “delivery
systems”. We will seek to provide submarines access to on-line
learning via the Navy’s Knowledge-on-Line (NKO) portal at
sea and in port. Our technical data will be delivered electronically
by means of initiatives such as TD-KM using SYSCOM distance support
and the FORCENet integrated environment, while
interfacing with critical fleet programs such as the SNADIS initiative.
Our continuing emphasis will be to allow access for all submariners
to the rich resources and experience of both shore schools and crews
at sea, wherever they are and whenever they want to learn.
will continue to challenge all our past assumptions about how training
and education have been accomplished hitherto. The Learning Center
and our other submarine schools will strive continuously to provide
training that is effective, efficient, and engaging. We will always
remain committed to our tradition of training excellence and ensuring
that our submariners
are the finest trained and best prepared in world.
is the Commanding Officer of the Submarine Learning Center.