SSC Pacific
Ground Surveillance Robot (GSR)

Two Reconnaissance, Surveillance, and Target Acquisition (RSTA) oriented Unmanned Ground Vehicle projects were undertaken at the SSC San Diego in the early 1980s under the auspices of the U.S. Marine Corps' Exploratory Development (6.2) Surveillance Program: The Ground Surveillance RobotGround Surveillance Robot (GSR) and the Advanced Teleoperator Technology (ATT) Teleoperated Dune Buggy (by the Hawaii detachment). A third element of this 6.2 program was the Airborn Remotely Operated Device (AROD), a small ducted-fan UAV whose successor, the Multipurpose Security and Surveillance Mission Platform (MSSMP), is a VTOL vehicle deployed for ground-based RSTA.

The GSR project explored the development of a modular and flexible distributed architecture for the integration and control of complex robotic systems, using a fully actuated seven-ton M-114 armored personnel carrier as the testbed host vehicle. With an array of fixed and steerable ultrasonic sensors and a distributed blackboard architecture implemented on multiple PCs, the vehicle successfully demonstrated autonomous following of both a lead vehicle and a walking human in 1986 before funding limitations terminated its development.

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Updated: 10/19/2011 5:19 PM EST   Published (1.0)