Naval Safety Center




Acquisition Safety System Safety Resources

The Acquisition Process

Acquisition includes the research, development, testing and procurement of major defense products such as ships and aircraft. Acquisition differs from procurement because it spans the entire process of identifying needs, developing the relevant technology and life-cycle management of the process and resources needed to accomplish a defense mission or provide a specific capability. To learn more about acquisition in the defense community refer to:

From October 2002 through June 2003, significant policy changes were documented and implemented in all three DoD Decision Support Systems: Defense Acquisition Management System, Requirements Generation System, and Planning, Programming and Budgeting System (PPBS). Specific policy changes that affect DoD acquisition management are described in the table below:

Old Term/Ref

New Term/Ref

DoDI 5000.2, dtd 4 Jan 2001 (Superceded by Atch 2, Operation of the Defense Acquisition System, dtd October 30, 2002)
DoD Instruction 5000.02, Operation of the Defense Acquisition System, dated 08 December 2008
DoD 5000.2-R, 4 Jan 2001
Interim Defense Acquisition Guidebook
Acquisition Strategy
Technology Development Strategy (Prior to Milestone A):
Approved by the Major Decision Authority at Milestone A. Documents the rationale for evolutionary or single-step strategy; a program strategy including cost, schedule, and performance goals for the total R&D program; cost, schedule, and performance goals, exit criteria and test plan for the first technology spiral demo. (Technology Development Strategy is updated to a full Acquisition Strategy at Milestone B)
Requirements: Refers to Operational requirements documented by the user/warfighter in the form of a Mission Need Statement (MNS) and Operational Requirements Document (ORD)
Capability Needs: Refers to operational capabilities needed by the warfighter, as documented in Initial Capabilities Documents (ICD), Capability Development Documents (CDD) and Capability Production Documents (CPD)

System Safety Program Guidance

The objective of a DoD system safety program is to make sure safety, consistent with mission requirements, is designed into systems, subsystems, equipment, and facilities, and their interfaces.

  • Mil Std 882 (Series) - DoD Standard Practice for System Safety - outlines accepted practice for the System Safety Approach and is used by the Department of Defense (DoD) and industry in development and acquisition of new and modified technology. 
    • Data Item Descriptions (DIDs) - Mil Std 882D is the most current guidance, but technical information useful to contract development can be found in the earlier version, Mil Std 882C.  This prior version contains DIDs that can be used to require and monitor safety evaluations.
  • Navy Policy is contained in:
    • SECNAVINST 5100.10J; Department of the Navy Policy for Safety, Mishap Prevention, Occupational Health and Fire Protection Programs, 15 June 1999 (Requires use of Mil Std 882C in all major acquisition)
    • SECNAVINST 5000.2D, Implementation of Mandatory Procedures for Major and Non-Major Defense Acquisition Programs and Major and Non-Major Information Technology Acquisition Programs.
    • OPNAVINST 5100.24B, Navy System Safety Program
    • OPNAVINST 5100.19 Series, the NAVOSH Afloat Program Manual
    • OPNAVINST 5100.23 Series, the NAVOSH Ashore Program Manual (Chapter 5)
  • The Acquisition Community Connection (previously the Program manager's community of practice, PM-COP) and Acquisition Deskbook - acquisition knowledge sharing system.
  • Army Manprint Program - integrates human systems engineering into new acquisition
  • Marine Corps Environmental, Safety and Occupational Health Handbook
  • PESHE - Programmatic Environmental, Safety, and Health Evaluation (Pamphlet) -identifies system safety and occupational health risks, how these risks will be managed, and how compliance with regulatory requirements will be achieved throughout the life cycle of the system.
  • Risk Assessment/Hazard Analyses - systematic approach to identifying and resolving the potential safety and health hazard risks associated with the development, test, production, transport, operation, training, maintenance, and disposal of the system.
  • Safety Through Design - book published by National Safety Council - provides resources for consumers and businesses on building in safety, for consumer products, for buildings, for machines.
  • System Safety Society - The International System Safety Society is a non-profit organization supporting safety professionals worldwide. With a wide range of individual and corporate members, the Society is affiliated with major corporations, educational institutions and other agencies. The system safety concept focuses on the application of systems engineering and systems management to the process of hazard, safety and risk analysis. Resources include Chapters around the globe, the annual International System Safety Conference, and the renowned Journal of System Safety.
  • WISE -- the Weapon System Explosives Safety Review Board (WSESRB) Interactive Safety Environment (WISE) – is a safety knowledge-management tool for DoN system-safety programs. It offers widespread access to system-safety processes recommended by the WSESRB. WISE communicates best practices, tacit knowledge, and supporting system safety certification requirements for USN and USMC Principals for Safety. It incorporates a framework illustrating the DoD Acquisition Timeline, consisting of hyperlinks to Acquisition phases that provide information relative to system safety responsibilities during that phase. The reference section of the website is also excellent. Visit Note: Accessible only with a valid DoD PKI Certificate loaded onto your workstation.

Back to Acquisition Home