A shutdown furlough is an unplanned or emergency event when there is a lapse in appropriations. A shutdown furlough is necessary when an agency no longer has the funds necessary to operate and must shut down those activities that are not excepted under the Antideficiency Act.
Federal employees may be familiar with these types of furloughs from instances in previous years in which the government has faced a potential shutdown. For additional information on shutdown furloughs see OPM’s guidance for shutdown furloughs related to potential lapse in appropriations at http://www.opm.gov/furlough/index.asp. Shutdown furloughs are considered emergency furloughs – conversely, administrative furloughs are planned events.
Employees may be “excepted” from an unplanned furlough by law because they are (1) performing or supporting the performance of emergency work involving the safety of human life or the protection of property, (2) involved in the orderly suspension of agency operations, or (3) performing other functions exempted from the furlough. An “excepted” employee may be required to work in a non-pay status during the furlough period.
Additional information and previous guidance is available via the below links.
Department of the Navy
Office of Personnel Management
Department of Defense
Office of Management and Budget
Individuals should email DONhrfaq@navy.mil for further guidance.