• DoD/Navy/ Guidelines/Requirements
• Design Criteria
• Other Websites & Training Dealing with Ergonomics/HSI
• Additional References and Consensus Standards
Note: Military Standards and Handbooks can be obtained through the Department of Defense Single Stock Point (DODSSP) for Military Specifications, Standards and Related Publications http://dodssp.daps.dla.mil/ or the Acquisition Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST) http://assist.daps.dla.mil/online/start/ (password required).
The Department of Defense Index of Specifications and Standards (DODISS) contain the complete list of standardization documents in the DODSSP collection. The information contained in this reference publication is available online to all ASSIST subscribers, on CD-ROM for single issue, or in paper format from the Superintendent of Documents at the GPO Online Bookstore: http://bookstore.gpo.gov/collections/subscriptions/index.jsp.
Defense Acquisition Guidebook
Provides members of the acquisition community and industry partners with an interactive, on-line reference to policy and discretionary best practice (see Chapter 6 - Human Systems Integration).
Department of Defense Instruction (DODI) 5000.02
"Operation of the Defense Acquisition System," 12/08/2008, requires the Project Manager to ensure HFE is addressed (see Section E7.1.1, Human Factors Engineering).
Defense Technical Information Center
DTIC - provides human factors and ergonomics information analysis services to support research, design, and development of space, air, surface, and subsurface crew systems. Provides a variety of technical services that include responding to basic technical inquiries as well as addressing large-scale analytical tasks. It is a gateway to worldwide sources of behavioral, biomedical, and engineering information for engineers, designers, and human factors specialists.
Human Systems Integration
A U.S. Navy website listing useful links related to the topic of Human Systems Integration
Human Systems Integration Success Stories
Success stories provided by Naval Sea Systems Command, Integrated Warfare Systems Engineering
OPNAV Instruction 5100.23G
Navy Safety & Occupational Health (SOH) Program Manual - Chapter 23, Ergonomics Program, provides guidance on the development and implementation of an ergonomics program including hazard control methods.
Implementation and Operation of the Defense Acquisition System and the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System, dated 16 October 2008, calls for HFE principals to be applied throughout the acquisition process.
US Navy Amphibious Ship HFE/Safety Ship Design Lessons Learned Report (through App. F)
American Society for Testing and Materials (Re-approved 2000) Standard Practice for Human Engineering Design for Marine Systems, Equipment and Facilities.
Directory of Design Support Methods, Defense Technical Information Center
Annotated directory of human systems integration (HSI) design support tools and techniques that have been developed by the DoD, NASA, FAA, NATO countries, academia, and private industry.
Ergonomic Design of Navigation Bridges
American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) has developed recommended guidelines for design of shipboard bridges.
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Human Factors Workbench
A compilation of human factors practices and principles integral to the procurement, design, development, and testing of FAA systems, facilities, and equipment primarily focused on FAA ground systems and equipment such as those that are managed and maintained by Airway Facilities, but has general applicability also.
FAA HF-STD-001 Human Factors Design Standard
This human factors design standard provides a single easy-to-use source of human factors design criteria to meet the needs of the FAA mission and systems. (Zipped file)
Guidance Notes for the Application of Ergonomics to Marine Systems
American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) -. Additional ABS Guidance Notes on ergonomics are available via their website by searching under "ergonomics" or "human factors engineering") http://www.eagle.org/.
Human Engineering and Ergonomic Risk Analysis Process (HEERAP)
A methodology that will facilitate the identification, analysis, and mitigation of design induced human injury risk was developed as a Defense Safety Oversight Council (DSOC) project. The product of that development, the Human Engineering and Ergonomics Risk Analysis Process (HEERAP), is presented along with a summary of how it was developed. The process offers the potential to identify, describe safety and human engineering risk factors, review approaches to their mitigation and document associated savings.
Appendix A – HEERAP Process
Appendix B – Human Injury Risk Matrix HEERAP
Appendix C - Final Report
High Speed Craft Human Factors Engineering Design Guide
Designed for Naval Architects, Academia, Procurement Agencies, Regulatory Bodies, and Human Factors Subject Matter Experts (see page 3). Source: High Speed Craft Human Factors & Craft Design web forum http://www.highspeedcraft.org/index.php
DoD “Handbook for Human Engineering Design Guidelines” provides human engineering design guidelines and reference data (not a requirements document) for design of military systems, equipment, and facilities.
Human Factors Standards and Handbooks
Listing of HFE/Ergo related Standards and Handbooks with identifying numbers and brief descriptions.
Index of Government Standards on Human Engineering Design Criteria, Processes, and Procedures
The focus of this Index is U.S. government standards in a list of documents clearly identified as standards by numbered identifiers and some standards-like documents.
Index of Non-Government Standards on Human Engineering Design Criteria and Program Requirements/Guidelines
Includes standards, specifications, recommended practices, codes, guides, handbooks, etc.
DoD Design Criteria Standard - Human Engineering (pdf 1.72 MB) - establishes general human engineering criteria, principles, and practices for design and development of military systems, equipment and facilities. Its purpose is to present these criteria, principles and practices so as to: a) achieve required performance by operator, control, and maintenance personnel, b) minimize skill and personnel requirements, and training time, c) achieve required reliability of personnel-equipment combinations, and d) foster design standardization within and among systems.
Other Websites & Training Dealing with Ergonomics/HSI
Analysis Tools for Ergonomists University of South Florida
Developed by Thomas E. Bernard of University of South Florida’s College of Public Health. The tools are organized into four categories: Basic, Qualitative, Semi-Quantitative and Quantitative.
Army Ergonomics Program
Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine Ergonomics Program site provides information on assessments, training, program development, acquisition, publications, and policy relating to ergonomics.
Department of Defense (DoD) Ergonomics Working Group
Site provides practical, user-friendly information on program development; organizational culture and change; metrics; program implementation and management; best practices; self assessments; cost benefit and return on investments; marketing and communication; ergonomic assessment tools, products, and intranet programs; workstation design; and research initiatives.
DoD Human Factors Engineering Technical Advisory Group (HFE TAG)
Composed of technical representatives from the DoD, National Aeronautical and Space Administration (NASA), and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) with research and development responsibility in human factors and related disciplines.
Technical Information Exchange The primary product of the HFE TAG has been its role in and coordination of HFE research across DoD laboratories and other government agencies. Sub-Tags
Human Factors Research and Engineering Group
Federal Aviation Administration provides scientific and technical support for the civil aviation human factors research program and for human factors applications in acquisition, certification, regulation, and standards.
Human Engineering and Ergonomics Risk Analysis Process, Improved Capability for Reducing Human Injury Risks
Presentation quantifying Ergonomic/Human Systems Integration risk and costs to support system safety analysis.
Inventory of Human Factors Tools and Methods
Aims to provide a 'catalogue' for browsing and some starting points for where to get more information on how to. Focus of inventory to includes product design and usability tools, as well as the beginnings of tools for senior managers making strategic decisions for their company. Inventory is also moving into more traditional 'engineering' design tools. This is done with a deliberate intent to blur the lines between 'ergonomic' tools and 'regular' tools, so as to support integration of human factors as a natural part of the design process. This inventory also includes listings of commercially available software for ergonomics analysis. Software has not been examined but is presented as possible leads for the reader to investigate to improve ergonomics in own design processes. Submission of tools or methods that could be added to this inventory is welcome.
Department of the Army system provides a systematic approach for review of safety, health and operational issues associated with design. This methodology may be used for Navy systems. An eight-day course in use of this system is available. Ranges of ergonomics courses with design focus are available through commercial and university sources. Courses (i.e., A-493-0085) are also available through the Naval Safety and Environmental Training Center.
National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health (NIOSH) Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders
Publications and other resources related to Ergonomics and WMSDs.
NIOSH Reports Ergonomic Solutions in Shipyards
These reports include problem summaries and a number of technical solutions to ergonomics problems including cost-effective "easy fixes."
Naval Facilities Engineering Command Safety and Health Ergonomics Pages
Navy's clearinghouse for ergonomic related issues. The site contains resource for technical support to Navy Shore activities. Includes useful work site assessment tools, training modules, frequently asked questions in ergonomics, contacts to request additional information, and information on the Navy Mishap Prevention Program.
Navy Modeling and Simulation Management Office (NAVMSMO)
Web-enabled single point of public access to the Navy's Modeling & Simulation Information Service (NMSIS). The NMSIS collects, maintains, and distributes information about Navy Modeling and Simulation (M&S) for the use of Program Managers, engineers, M&S builders, and others throughout the M&S community.
Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) eTools for Ergonomics
OSHA has a four-pronged comprehensive approach to ergonomics designed to quickly and effectively address workplace musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs).
Additional OSHA eTools relevant to shipboard and shipyard work include:
Shipyard Employment: Ship Repair
University of Michigan Center for Ergonomics
Dedicated to a better understanding of work-related musculoskeletal disorders and principles of human-centered technologies and man-machine interaction. This work has provided a foundation for: models of human biomechanics; models and methods to analyze and support perceptual and cognitive work; and methods to analyze and design jobs for control of musculoskeletal disorders.
American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) - Ergonomic Assessment Toolkit
To provide basic general tool that maybe used by the Health and safety professional to determine job safety as it pertains to the repetitive motion, force exertion, rest/recovery period and work demands place on the hand region during the act of hand manipulation.
The Cost of Office Ergonomics
DoD Working Group News, Issue 107, August 2010 - Fleet Readiness Center East funding of ergonomic revitalization with photographs provided of some of their successful solutions.
Additional References and Consensus Standards
Aerospace Glossary for Human Factors Engineers
ANSI/SAE ARP 4107
American National Standard Mechanical vibration and shock - Evaluation of human exposure to whole-body vibration
ANSI S2.72/Part 1-2002 (R 2007) / ISO 2631-1:1997
Earth-Moving Equipment, Human Physical Dimensions of Operators and Minimum Operator Space Envelope
ISO 3411: 2007
Electrostatic Discharge Sensitivity Testing - Human Body Model (HBM)
Guide for the Application of Human Factors Engineering to Systems, Equipment, and Facilities of Nuclear Power Generating Stations
Guide to Human Performance Measurements
Human Engineering Considerations in the Application of Color to Electronic Aircraft Displays
ANSI/SAE ARP 4032
Human Factors Engineering of Computer Workstations
Human Factors Engineering Guidelines and Preferred Practices for the Design of Medical Devices (Second Edition)
Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) HE-48, 1993
Human Interface Criteria for Collision Avoidance Systems in Transport Aircraft (1988)
SAE ARP 4153
Human Interface Design Methodology for Integrated Display Symbology (1997)
SAE ARP 4155
Human Mechanical Response Characteristics (March 1985)
Human Physical Dimensions, Recommended Practice (2003)
Human Tolerance to Impact Conditions as Related to Motor Vehicle Design (2003)
Industrial Robots and Robot Systems - Reliability Acceptance Testing – Guidelines
Mechanical vibration -- Measurement and evaluation of human exposure to hand-transmitted vibration -- Part 1: General requirements, International Organization for Standardization
Recommended Practice for Software Reliability
Test and Reliability Guidelines (1986)
American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) EP456
Thermal Environmental Conditions for Human Occupancy