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Protective Factors


Protective factors are resources and aspects of our lives that promote healthy stress navigation and build resilience. They can be personal, external or environmental. During times of extreme stress or crises, protective factors can counterbalance risks for self-harm. Strengthening protective factors is an ongoing process that takes all hands.

Protective Factors against suicide include:

  • Sense of community and belonging
  • Strong connections with family and friends
  • Comprehensive wellness including proper nutrition and¬†physical fitness
  • The desire to "take care" of one's health
  • Sense of self-worth
  • Sense of purpose and personal fulfillment
  • Contribution or responsibility to others
  • Access to mental and physical health care
  • Finding positive meaning in one's life
  • Optimism
  • Beliefs that support self-preservation
  • Problem solving and non-violent conflict resolution skills
  • Sobriety
  • Restricted access to lethal means